These are single or double hung windows. They lift up and down and may be single windows or have multiple windows within a single opening. Screens are on the outside and are either full or half screens.
These are casement or sliding windows. They will slide either left or right or they will crank out. There can be multiple windows within an opening and include a fixed piece of glass. Screens are on the outside of a slider and the inside for casements.
These are single or double hung windows with the addition of a transom on the top. Window count is the same as above PLUS the addition of the transom.
These are double hung windows that have either "false" grids or TDL's which are True Divided Lights. Type 1 is a "false" divided window with a removal grid made of either wood or plastic. Type 2 is a TDL with a 6/6 or a 6 over 6 style window. Each piece of glass is permanently separated by the divider.